This article lists the tools required and the procedure used to repair a puncture while you are off-road.

Just imagine you’re deep in the bush and get a puncture. You think no problem and get out your spare and swap it over. But a short time later you are still dealing with the same rough terrain and get another puncture. What now? Can I repair the puncture to get going again? Yes, but only if you have a suitable puncture repair kit.

A typical DIY puncture repair kit will consist of the following equipment:
  • A pair of pliers 
  • Tyre Reaming tool 
  • Plug Insertion Tool 
  • Tyre Plugs 
  • Razor Blade 

The procedure to repair a puncture is as follows:
  • Find the location of the puncture. If this is not obvious use soapy water and pour it over the tyre. The water will bubble where air is leaking out. 
  • Use pliers to remove the object which has punctured the tyre (nail, screw, stick etc) 
  • Push the tyre reamer in and out of the hole a few times. This will smooth the hole and make it the right size for the plug. 
  • Insert a plug into the end of the insertion tool, remove the reamer and use the insertion tool to drive the plug into the hole. Leave about 20mm of the plug above the tread and remove the reamer. 
  • Use the razor blade to trim the ends of the plug so that it is just above flush with the tyres tread. 
  • Reinflate the tyre and check that the puncture is not leaking. 
  • It is important to note that this sort of repair should be considered temporary. You should have the tyre repaired properly as soon as possible. In order to repair the tyre permanently a tyre shop will remove the tyre from the wheel and use what’s called a mushroom plug to permanently seal the hole from the inside of the tyre. 
  • Ensure that you replace any used tyre plugs and check that you have plenty before going on a long trip or on particularly rough terrain. Your puncture repair kit will be less than useless if you run out of plugs!