Tread patterns - they’re not just decorative! In fact, they are designed to handle a variety of road conditions and driving styles. Here, we take a look at the 3 kinds of tyre tread.
  
Directional -

Directional tyre treads are designed to work in one direction only and must...hang on, let’s do that again to really emphasise the point, MUST be fitted accordingly.

Directional tyre treads:
  • Typically arrow-shaped in appearance - this works to move water through the tyre fast 
  • Ideal for sporty cars that drive often on snow and wet roads 
  • Offer high protection against aquaplaning
  • Offer greater directional stability 

Symmetrical -

Symmetrical tyre treads can be fitted and rotated in either direction as both halves of the tread pattern are the same.

Symmetrical tyre treads:
  • Particularly quiet and provide good road stability 
  • Have less rolling resistance, which means that fuel consumption is reduced and extends the life of the tyre 
  • Good value for money, particularly if you mostly drive short distances 

Asymmetrical -

Asymmetrical tyre treads have different tread patterns on their inner and outer shoulders. Each side serves a different purpose. Just as with Directional tyres, Asymmetrical tyres MUST be fitted correctly.

Asymmetrical tyre treads:
  • Provide maximum grip on wet and dry roads 
  • Often found on sports cars 
  • The inner side of the tread provides protection against aquaplaning by effectively dispersing water 
  • The outer shoulders of the tread have rigid tread blocks, allowing for good grip when cornering as well as when driving on dry surfaces.  


Tread Pattern Types

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